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Statistics & Data
Statistical and data resources available at Saint Mary's University, including Statistics Canada, business and international sources
The Census Program provides a statistical portrait of the country every five years. The 2016 Census Program includes the Census of Population and the Census of Agriculture.
Variables include population, age, sex, dwellings, families, marital status, language, immigration and ethnocultural diversity, aboriginal peoples, education and labour, mobility and migration, language of work, income and housing.
There are a variety of ways to examine census data. Here are some popular links:
Index of Interactive data tables, (called datasets but less granular than microdata files). Searchable by geopgraphies and variables, viewable in your browser (html) or in B20/20 software, which must be installed on your computer.
The Census Profile viewer presents information from the 2016 Census of Population for various levels of geography, including provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas, communities and census tracts. Using the search or browse options, users can search for an area of interest by typing its place name, postal code or geographic code or by browsing a list.
The Census Dashboard allows you to do many things, such as browse census variables by geography, using a map interface, compare variables among regions, and create visualizations of census data. Don't miss the tutorial linked at the top of the Dashboard..
Nesstar is a web-based exploration, extraction and analysis tool for Canadian social science data, including Census microdata files. Use it to search surveys or statistical products from Statistics Canada DLI public-use microdata file (PUMF) Collection Browse or search surveys, or search by variables, to determine datasets that will best fit your research needs. Download either complete microdata files, or selected variables. Analyse data using SPSS, SAS and other data applications. Access is restricted to Saint Mary’s faculty and students.
Small, relatively stable geographic areas that usually have a population of 2,500 to 8,000. They are identified using seven-character numeric 'names' (e.g., 0005.00) and are located in census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and larger census agglomerations (CAs).
To find selected variables for a single Census Subdivision (CSD), which are municipalities, reserves, parishes etc. If you put in a place name for a small unit it will offer you the larger geographic unit. For example, Bedford > HRM.
The census information is collected either from 100% of the population or on a 20% sample basis (from a random sample of one in five households) with the data weighted up to provide estimates for the entire population.
For any given geographic area, the weighted population, household, dwelling or family total or subtotal may differ from that shown in reports containing data collected on a 100% basis. Such variation (in addition to the effect of random rounding) will be due to sampling. Note that, on Indian reserves and in remote areas, most data were collected on a 100% basis.
Census tracts (CTs) are small, relatively stable geographic areas that usually have a population of 2,500 to 8,000. They are located in census metropolitan areas and in census agglomerations with an urban core population of 50,000 or more.